There was no Twitter to fan the flames when W.E.B. Du Bois sparred with Booker T. Washington and Malcolm X argued with Martin Luther King Jr.
The university agreed to turn over confidential documents to the Justice Department, which is investigating whether it has discriminated against Asian-American applicants.
The Trump administration, in a letter last week, threatened to sue the university to force it to turn over student and applicant records.
Edward Blum, who has orchestrated more than two dozen lawsuits challenging racial preference laws, is now fighting affirmative action in the Ivies.
American universities are using offshore strategies to swell their coffers, skirt taxes and obscure investments that could spark campus protests.
House Republicans are proposing a 1.4 percent tax on wealthier colleges’ investment income to help pay for broad cuts.